Malicious software, also known as « malware, » is computer software designed to damage, disrupt or take control of a computer system without the user’s consent. Malware is a major problem for computer users and businesses, as it can cause data loss, identity theft and significant financial damage. In this article, we will look at the most common types of malware and the steps you can take to protect your computer system.
Types of malware
Viruses: Viruses are computer programs that replicate themselves by infecting other files or programs. Viruses can cause damage by destroying files or slowing down a computer system.
Trojans: Trojans are programs that claim to be useful but actually have malicious intent. Trojan horses can allow hackers to access sensitive data or take control of a computer system.
Spyware: Spyware is a program that collects information about computer users without their consent. Spyware can collect personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers.
Ransomware: Ransomware is a program that encrypts a user’s files and demands a ransom to decrypt them. Ransomware is often spread through phishing emails or malicious websites.
Worms: Worms are programs that spread through computer networks by exploiting security holes. Worms can cause damage by overloading a computer system or destroying files.